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Trepte, Sabine ; Dienlin, Tobias ; Reinecke, Leonard

Privacy, self-disclosure, social support, and social network site use : research report of a three-year panel study

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:100-opus-8898
URL: http://opus.uni-hohenheim.de/volltexte/2013/889/

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SWD-Schlagwörter: Psychologie , Kommunikationswissenschaft , Kommunikationsforschung , Report , Längsschnitt , Befragung
Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch): Selbstoffenbarung , SNS , Social Web , Soziale Netzwerkseiten , Fragebogen , Medienpsychologie
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Privacy , Self-Disclosure , Longitudinal , Report , Social Media
Institut: Institut für Kommunikationswissenschaft
DDC-Sachgruppe: Sozialwissenschaften, Soziologie, Anthropologie
Dokumentart: Report (Bericht)
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2013
Publikationsdatum: 12.11.2013
Lizenz: Creative Commons-Lizenzvertrag Dieser Inhalt ist unter einer Creative Commons-Lizenz lizenziert.
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: This research report presents data from a study conducted in Germany based on a 3-year panel design. From October 2009 to April 2012, five waves of data collection were established. N = 327 participants from a convenience sample gave answers to questions regarding media use, privacy behaviors, well-being, social support, authenticity, and specific online experiences with a particular emphasis on social network sites (SNSs). It was found that across the 3 years of the study, people increasingly gained online social capital, developed a greater need for privacy, started to disclose more personal information online, and continually spent more time on SNSs. At the same time, people's willingness to disclose information in offline settings as well as their risk assessment of SNSs significantly decreased over time. Furthermore, frequent users of SNSs had more online social capital than less frequent users, disclosed more personal information online, knew more ways to restrict the access to their profiles, and were more authentic in their online profiles. People who had a higher need for privacy were less satisfied with their lives, less authentic in both their personal relationships and their online profiles, and generally showed more negative effects on different psychological variables. Respondents who had more online social capital also reported having more general positive affect and more offline social support.
In the research report, further results are reported: Each variable is presented both individually and in context with other measures. The study is the first longitudinal study on online privacy and as such the first to be able to report mutual causalities between online experiences and privacy behaviors.

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