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Richter, Ralf ; Streb, Jochen

Catching-up and falling behind knowledge spillover from American to German machine tool makers

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URN: urn:nbn:de:bsz:100-opus-4037
URL: http://opus.uni-hohenheim.de/volltexte/2009/403/


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Abrufstatistik:
SWD-Schlagwörter: Maschinenbau , Wettbewerb , Plagiat , Patentrecht
Institut 1: Forschungszentrum Innovation und Dienstleistung
Institut 2: Institut für Kulturwissenschaften (bis 2010)
DDC-Sachgruppe: Wirtschaft
Dokumentart: ResearchPaper
Schriftenreihe: FZID discussion papers
Bandnummer: 09
Sprache: Englisch
Erstellungsjahr: 2009
Publikationsdatum: 07.12.2009
 
Lizenz: Hohenheimer Lizenzvertrag Veröffentlichungsvertrag mit der Universitätsbibliothek Hohenheim ohne Print-on-Demand
 
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: In our days, German machine tool makers accuse their Chinese competitors of violating patent rights and illegally imitating German technology. A century ago, however, German machine tool makers used exactly the same methods to imitate American technology. To understand the dynamics of this catching-up process we use patent statistics to analyze firms? activities between 1877 and 1932. We show that German machine tool makers successfully deployed imitating and counterfeiting activities in the late 19th century and the 1920s to catchup to their American competitors. The German administration supported this strategy by stipulating a patent law that discriminated against foreign patent holders and probably also by delaying the granting of patents to foreign applicants. Parallel to the growing international competitiveness of German firms, however, the willingness to guarantee intellectual property rights of foreigners was also increasing because German firms had now to fear retaliatory measures in their own export markets when violating foreign property rights within Germany.

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